CASS encourages joint peace rally

 11220867_10207996718981578_4930594348239156475_nThe Coalition of Advocates for South Sudan (CASS) encourages South Sudanese leaders currently in the U.S. to hold a rally to bring together South Sudanese Diaspora from different ethnic groups and political views, and raise peoples’ hopes, build confidence and increase trust that the peace agreement will be respected and implemented in good faith. The rally will serve as a message to the world that South Sudanese leaders are committed to implementing the peace deal. In addition, the rally will provide the leaders with the opportunity to share with the Diaspora how they can best support peace and development in South Sudan. Read more: Joint Peace Rally

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Special Envoy Donald Booth addresses Diaspora

Link to message:    Message from Donald Booth to the Diaspora

Ambassador Booth

Ambassador Booth

Donald E. Booth was appointed U.S. Special Envoy to Sudan and South Sudan on August 28, 2013. Prior to this appointment, he served as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the United States of America to the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.

Ambassador Booth, a member of the Senior Foreign Service, previously served as Ambassador to the Republic of Zambia from 2008-2010 and Ambassador to the Republic of Liberia from 2005-2008. Prior to that, he was Director of the Office of Technical and Specialized Agencies at the Department of State’s Bureau of International Organization Affairs. Ambassador Booth has also served as Director of the Office of West African Affairs, Deputy Director of the Office of Southern African Affairs, Economic Counselor in Athens, and Division Chief for Bilateral Trade Affairs at the Department of State. He has attended the National War College and served as a desk officer in the Office of Egyptian Affairs and the Office of East African Affairs. Ambassador Booth was also stationed at embassies in Bucharest, Brussels and Libreville.

Ambassador Booth earned a bachelor’s degree in Foreign Service from Georgetown University, a master’s degree in Business Administration from Boston University and a master’s degree in National Security Studies from the National War College.


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Diaspora Unity for Peace Conference – Sat. Sept. 19, 2015 in Des Moines

Sudan Advocacy Action Forum is pleased to announce the First Annual Diaspora Unity for Peace Conference, convened by the Coalition of Advocates for South Sudan (CASS), on Saturday, September 19, 2015, at the Embassy Suites Hotel in downtown Des Moines. The conference is intended to identify a vision for peace in South Sudan, what is necessary to achieve the vision, and how South Sudanese in the Diaspora can work together to achieve peace. 

Leaders attending the conference include members of the clergy, of women and youth groups, and representatives of the government of the Republic of South Sudan, the South Sudan opposition (SPLM-IO), the former detainees (G10), South Sudan Council of Churches, the South Sudan Committee for National Healing, Peace and Reconciliation, the U.S. State Department, and the Luol Deng Foundation, among others.

Live music and entertainment to be provided by South Sudanese musicians and entertainers.

Registration for the conference is open until Friday, September 18, 2015. Due to limited space, unregistered persons will not be admitted and ID is required to enter. To register for the conference, click here. You may also contact an organizing committee member, Dr. Isaac Gang at Everyone is welcome to register.

CASS represents over 20 Diaspora organizations and seeks to establish a just and lasting peace in South Sudan.

Additional contacts:

Reuben Garang

Aluel Mayen

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“Now the hard work begins”


Susan E. Rice is the United States National Security Advisor.

Statement by National Security Advisor Susan E. Rice on the South Sudan Peace Agreement

The United States welcomes President Kiir’s decision to accept the terms of peace and sign the regionally-sponsored peace agreement today in South Sudan. However, we do not recognize any reservations or addendums to that agreement. The United States believes this is the necessary first step toward ending the conflict and rebuilding the country. Now the hard work begins. Implementing this agreement will require commitment and resolve from all parties to the conflict as well as South Sudan’s regional and international partners. The United States will support the people of South Sudan as they begin the implementation process, but it is imperative that the parties remain committed to peace. We will work with our international partners to sideline those who stand in the way of peace, drawing upon the full range of our multilateral and bilateral tools.

The United States is grateful for the constructive role played by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and the African Union to secure an agreement. Together, we must help South Sudan implement the agreement, to stave off famine, to stand steadfast and united against those who block the path to peace, and to hold accountable those who have committed atrocities. At this moment of opportunity, the United States stands in solidarity with the people of South Sudan, and with all those working to build the peaceful future that they so deserve.

THE WHITE HOUSE – Office of the Press Secretary 8/26/2015

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President Obama asked to highlight South Sudan violence

WASHINGTON (July 16, 2015)—A bipartisan group of U.S. Senators today called on President Barack Obama to use his upcoming visit to Africa to highlight the tragic ongoing violence in South Sudan. In a letter led by U.S. Senators Dick Durbin (D-IL) and Ben Cardin (D-MD), the senators underscored the need for the Administration to address the regional divisions responsible for human suffering on a horrific scale.

The letter was signed by U.S. Senators Sherrod Brown (D-OH), Barbara Boxer (D-CA), John Barrasso (R-WY), Marco Rubio (R-FL), Johnny Isakson (R-GA), Jeanne Shaheen (D-NH), Chris Murphy (D-CT), Tom Udall (D-NM), Ed Markey (D-MA), Ron Johnson (R-WI), Jim Risch (R-ID), and Mark Warner (D-VA).

“South Sudan’s independence brought the hope that the long running and bloody conflict between the Sudanese government in the north and its population in the south would finally come to an end,” the senators wrote. “Yet, a reckless power struggle between the nation’s leaders and nefarious meddling by Sudanese President and wanted international war criminal Omar al-Bashir have inflamed old ethnic tensions, stymied South Sudan’s development potential, and ignited horrific human suffering. Your visit provides a timely moment to bring the region’s focus and American leadership forward for a resolution to the South Sudan civil war and an end to the violence in Darfur and the Nuba Mountain area.”  Full text of letter

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Molly Phee confirmed as U.S. Ambassador to South Sudan


Along with Humanity United, we applaud the confirmation of career foreign service officer Molly Phee as Ambassador to South Sudan on June 24, 2015. Her confirmation comes at a crucial time for the nearly four year-old country, which has been mired in deadly conflict since December 2013.

“The United States was instrumental in the creation of South Sudan and has invested heavily in the new nation,” said David Abramowitz, Vice President for Policy and Government Affairs at Humanity United. “U.S. leadership is critical in the region, and the ambassadorship in Juba has been vacant for far too long.”

Abramowitz continued, “We are glad that Molly Phee has been confirmed. With food shortages and a humanitarian crisis underway, the U.S. Embassy in Juba is thirsting for leadership. She has challenging work ahead of her.”

Ms. Phee’s past experience in conflict zones, at the United Nations, and in Ethiopia will serve her well as she takes on her new post in Juba.

“The people of South Sudan need and deserve our support; confirming Molly Phee as ambassador was an important sign that the United States remains committed to helping them achieve a just and peaceful future,” said Abramowitz.

Humanity United has supported and led efforts to build peace in Sudan and South Sudan since 2005 and is supporting peacemaking efforts in the U.S. and the region, including South Sudanese civil society efforts to help end the fighting and provide support to groups working on protection of human rights and dignity. Source: Humanity United


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Stopping South Sudan’s downward spiral

Members of the White Army, a SouthSudanese anti-government militia, attend a rally in Nasir, South Sudan, on April 14, 2014. Agence France-Presse via Getty Images

Members of the White Army, a SouthSudanese anti-government militia, attend a rally in Nasir, South Sudan, on April 14, 2014. Agence France-Presse via Getty Images

The Post’s View (The Washington Post, 05/20/15)

THE UNITED States played a key role in the arrival of South Sudan as Africa’s 54th nation in 2011. President George W. Bush helped broker a north-south peace agreement in 2005, ending a civil war that claimed nearly 2 million lives. President Obama rallied the world to rescue that peace agreement a few years later when it was falling apart. The creation of the nation was celebrated as proof, as then-Secretary of State Hillary Clinton put it, that “peace is possible if people are willing to make hard choices and stand by them.” Susan E. Rice, the White House national security adviser, said one of her major accomplishments as United Nations ambassador was “helping midwife the birth of the world’s newest nation, South Sudan.”

But now South Sudan is spiraling into the kind of war, chaos and human suffering that Mr. Obama’s appointees — including Ms. Rice and the current U.N. ambassador, Samantha Power — have vowed never to let happen again. Reports are mounting of violence against innocent civilians and mass hunger. The United States, a beacon of hope in the past, now must exercise more leverage and commitment to save South Sudan.

The current crisis began in December 2013 when President Salva Kiir accused his former vice president, Riek Machar, of staging a coup attempt. The conflict mushroomed into a civil war. Some 1.5 million people remain displaced inside the country and 520,000 more have fled across the borders. More than 2.5 million people face food insecurity and the total is rising. War is preventing people from trading, planting crops and moving livestock. The economy is on the verge of collapse. Oxfam, with a team working to provide humanitarian aid, warns that there are “alarming rates of malnutrition and hunger.” Efforts are underway to distribute vital seeds and tools to farmers for the upcoming planting season, but they could be upended by fighting.

The Kiir-Machar conflict always had an underlying tension between South Sudan’s two major ethnic groups, the Dinka and the Nuer. But war has intensified and fragmented ethnic conflict. There are reports of grave human rights violations. An African Union commission of inquiry has reportedly found credible evidence of atrocities. The report, not yet released, should be made public, and no effort spared to find and prosecute the perpetrators.

Peace talks in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, have failed, with the latest collapse in March. There has been talk of broadening the mediation to include other African states, China, the United States, Britain and others, but so far no real action. Mr. Obama is making a trip to Kenya this summer. Now is the time for the United States to step up to the plate with the same fervor with which it greeted South Sudan’s independence. More than just rhetoric is called for. It is time to pressure Mssrs. Kiir and Machar to lay down their arms; to impose stronger sanctions and an arms embargo; to ensure the delivery of humanitarian aid; and to begin the long, difficult process of healing a young nation midwifed by the United States.

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Forgiveness: a forgotten cultural quality in South Sudan?

To the South Sudanese Diaspora from the Coalition of Advocates for South Sudan (The Voice of the South Sudanese Diaspora)

Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate; only love can do that. Martin Luther King, Jr.

But what is this millennia-old virtue that humankind has struggled with over the centuries? And that our beloved South Sudan seems to have forgotten as brother kills brother, tribe kills tribe and nation kills nation. In the Bible, it says: For if you forgive men when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. But if you do not forgive men their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins. Matthew 6:14-15.

So spiritually we see that for those of the Christian faith, Forgiveness is vital to their salvation. But is that enough to erase the terrible images of many of the aggrieved in Juba, Wau, Malakal, Bentui…consumed with images of their deceased loved ones and friends killed or murdered – some mercilessly; fathers, mothers killed before their families’ eyes…Members of Parliament shot in front of their homes.


 The purpose of this document is to appeal to the Diaspora to support peace and not war – to promote forgiveness. No military solution can bring an end to the 16-month-long war. Therefore, the current rampant violence in our country of origin must be ended quickly before it consumes all our relatives and future generations.


Yes, Forgive, for without the quality of forgiveness humankind would be wiped from the earth: man revenging against man; nation against nation until we are no more. Our survival as a species depends on our ability to forgive – this alongside our adaptability and formidable brain, led us to evolve to earth’s dominant species, so this intangible yet vital quality: forgiveness is key.

One of the best descriptions of the pain and significance of not forgiving comes from noted author and Pastor Joel Osteen: “You must forgive the people who hurt you so you can get out of prison. You’ll never be free until you do. Let go of those wrongs they’ve done to you. Get that bitterness out of your life. That’s the only way you’re going to truly be free. You will be amazed at what can happen in your life when you release all that poison.”

Yes, to not Forgive is like a poison, one we know well in South Sudan, having seen so much destruction and death over the last 50 years, it slowly takes over you, eating inside and tearing at your soul; however, the People of South Sudan have shown themselves – a resilient people – full of strength, reminiscent of Gandhi’s view: The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is the attribute of the strong.”

Through this strength and Forgiveness, the long marginalized people of South Sudan overcame the poisonous hatred of oppression, war and sued for peace, triumphantly becoming a nation. One would then venture to say that it is within the nature of Southerners to forgive, given the incredible journey to be a nation – but this war since December 2013 exposes another side, perhaps hidden, dormant, but a dark side that has shown all that some of the poison of the past is still within the people of South Sudan. In our view as CASS, forgiveness is desperately needed now. How can we as People of the Nile, long-standing residents of the ancient river known since biblical times, continue our existence without employing this virtue that obviously has sustained the Southern people over the eons?

Scholars have said this about forgiveness:

“Maintaining or perpetuating personal relationships is one of the clearest and most important ends of forgiveness, though not the only important one. Forgiving those who wrong us often helps us move beyond strong negative emotions which, if allowed to fester, could harm us psychologically and physically. Forgiveness benefits wrongdoers, as well, by releasing them from the blame and hard feelings often directed toward them by those they wrong, or helping them transcend the guilt or remorse they suffer from having done wrong, thereby allowing them to move forward in their lives. These ends of forgiveness may be regarded as in general enabling in the sense that they show how forgiveness sometimes helps people move beyond the wrongs they endure or cause and the sometimes debilitating effects those wrongs have on wrongdoers and victims alike.”   Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy – Forgiveness, 2014.

Southerners, for centuries, have long realized that to maintain relations with neighboring tribes and groups, elements of forgiveness had to be employed to ensure peaceful co-existence; thence we have our traditional methods of justice and reconciliation established over centuries of practice, which may not be fully understandable within Western or Asian perspectives of justice. The African approach has elements of accountability, atonement, community harmony and customary law.

Through reading literature on customary law of South Sudan, we find a profound expression of how the society treats serious acts of violence, as the following excerpt shows:

“Of the many differences between customary law and statutory law, particularly Western statutory law, arguably the most contentious is the issue of homicide. South Sudanese customary law considers some acts to be both a crime and a tort. Homicide falls into this category, in that the law considers there to be both criminal and civil aspects to murder. The law traditionally has allowed the relatives of the victim to decide whether they wish to seek justice through criminal proceedings or to seek damages through tort action.

“The basis for this argument lies in the Southern Sudanese peoples’ belief that the purpose of any legal action in regard to crime is to restore the social equilibrium rather than to punish the wrongdoer. ‘The principle of a life for a life rarely leads to a permanent peace.’” A Study of Customary Law in Contemporary Southern Sudan, March 2004.

If it is not clear, then, of the distinctions between Southern justice and other systems, note the codification of the principle in the New Sudan Penal Code, 2003, Section 251, which deals with murder and other crimes of homicide, contains the provision:

Provided that if the nearest relatives of the deceased opt for customary law blood compensation ‘Dia’ the court may award it in lieu of death sentence.

So atonement is part of the traditional, holistic process to address the terrible act, yet heal the pain of the family, the community of the deceased and resolve the most serious crimes in the culture. Here is a worthwhile point that highlights notable differences among even Southerners. When compensation is given to a deceased’s family who was murdered, the number of cattle that was required to pay in the Dinka society was 31, while among the Nuer society it was nearly three times as high at 80 – and among various other tribes amounts were lower. While customs differ, this is proof of the widespread importance of atonement to the Southern reconciliation process.

Now, to start the reconciliation process for serious crimes and terrible acts a few key steps are required, as outlined in Traditional Methods of Justice and Reconciliation in Sudan and its relation to International Humanitarian Law, by Rev. Peter Gai Lual, 2006. He says the following elements are part of the traditional system of reconciliation:

  • Apologies for the wrong done and acceptance of responsibility for crimes;
  • Forgiving those who committed crimes on condition they undertake not to repeat such acts in the future;
  • Paying compensation to the victims of the crimes and their close relatives;
  • Accepting national reconciliation and agreeing to govern the country through democratic means and the respect for the rule of law;
  • Carrying out certain traditional and religious rites to seal the peace accord.

To Forgive is, then, established as an essential part to our Junub (Southern) sense of being, our worldview; therefore, in this current conflict it must be employed – to save the nation. Already we find many of the above steps have been deployed in the Arusha Agreement of January 2015.

  • A public apology from SPLM (Article 2)
  • Removal of persons convicted of international crimes (Article 11)
  • Banning from any public service for anyone convicted of such crimes (12)
  • Promoting democracy, unity and development (6)
  • Ensuring international good governance/accountability (Articles 13 & 16)
  • Establishing transitional justice system (Article 15)

The traditional custom and laws appear to be alive and well here. Forgiveness is evident in the agreement – so one can understand why all factions of the SPLM supported and signed this key agreement, for it represents the collective South Sudanese – African, tradition. We at CASS hope the positive momentum continues and the warring parties commit to peace, stop this war and begin to rebuild the nation and the lives of the long-suffering People of South Sudan…but first, let all forgive.

This step is vital to advance the people of South Sudan, the nation, toward an enduring peace, communal harmony and a prosperous future for the nation.

To remind the War Leaders who have the power to bring peace, we close this appeal for forgiveness with a powerful excerpt recorded from the Upper Nile Peace Conference:

“When the women representatives read out their speech, full of wisdom, sensibility and patriotism – men of valour, courage and dignity, felt ashamed and sorry for the violence and senseless brutalities they had inflicted on their innocent women and children, the very ones our present and past generations fought for and defended for many centuries with their spears and clubs, and now with modern weapons from the onslaught of lustful foreign invaders and oppressive regimes.” South Sudan Post, June 2003.

As Alexander Pope said: To err is human, to forgive, divine.

Let us Forgive one another!

For the Diaspora to work together for peace, we in CASS call for all the peace loving members from all the 64 ethnic groups in South Sudan to:

  • Join our membership
  • To promote Forgiveness
  • Denounce the ongoing war and support peace
  • Start and support the community – community dialogues.
  • Work with Church groups and other peace based-organizations to advance the call for immediate end to the war
  • Work collectively with American and Australian Peace Advocate groups

The united Voice of Diaspora is needed to bring durable peace to South Sudan. And you/I/we are the agents for that change.

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To the South Sudanese Diaspora: Which do you choose? Peace or war?

April 11, 2015.  From the Coalition of Advocates for South Sudan, “The Voice of the South Sudanese Diaspora” (CASS)

Who are/What is the South Sudanese diaspora?

South Sudanese diaspora are immigrants who escaped Sudan in search of refuge in the neighboring countries and across the globe. The reason for this mass migration was ill treatment and religious persecution of South Sudanese by the Sudan government. In the dawn of the second civil war, a significant number of South Sudanese were granted refugee status and resettled in many countries around the world.

However, with the turn of the millennium, among the South Sudanese in the diaspora and in the United States, Canada and Australia in particular, the “Lost Boys and Girls of Sudan” became the most easily identified element of the diaspora; this group has become the grown up “Lost Boys and Girls” today. As very young boys and girls, they walked from Southern Sudan across dry plains, rivers, swamps and forests fleeing the scourge of the Sudanese army to Ethiopia. Many died in the forced migration. Subsequently, they were expelled from Ethiopia, and made a similar trek across Southeastern South Sudan to the Kakuma Refugee Camp in Kenya where many were educated and selected to go to North America, Australia and other nations.

In North America and Australia the Diaspora has gone through a traumatic but transforming process.

Like other African-born immigrants, the South Sudanese diaspora has sought education. More African-born immigrants hold a college degree (44%) than Asian immigrants, native-born white Americans or native born African Americans. Many have achieved this level of education while working, raising a family, and helping to support an extended family in South Sudan. To their credit they have become proud Americans while retaining elements of their South Sudanese heritage. They have had the opportunity to benefit from the best practices of two vastly different societies.

Most of them have a Christian background and claim a strong faith. It is not uncommon for them to affiliate with one denomination in their new home, but another when they go “home”. This can be directly attributed to the British Colonial practice of sending foreign missionaries to areas based on their denomination.

At the same time, they are not a homogeneous group and reflect many of the characteristics of the population from which they originated. As reported by the Democratic Progress Institute, “Diaspora members have the resources, skills, and contacts to alter the course of events in their homelands. While these resources may be used to perpetuate conflict, they could just as easily be redirected to support peace and reconstruction.”

South Sudanese Diaspora Contribution to rebuilding their Country

South Sudanese Diaspora feels compelled to be involved in the political, social, and development needs of those who remain in their native Country. Typically they are, understandably, most interested in the state, county and village from which they came. Thus we see the installation of wells, schools and hospitals funded through diaspora efforts in very specific locations. That loyalty and established connections, if used collectively to denounce today’s civil war, increases the chance that the voice of Diaspora could be what is needed to make South Sudan’s warring parties choose peace and establish rule of law that will protect all the citizens regardless of their ethnicity.
However, within some of the diaspora we see a reflection of the tribal hatred, bitterness, resentment, that many in South Sudan feel. Because of the ready availability of communication methods, especially within the social media and in editorials, we see the propagation of hatred which supports the continuation of war rather than a peace-directed compromise beneficial to all the people.

On the Other Hand

Diaspora members have a unique perspective and have much to offer the mediation process. They have a viewpoint informed both by their understanding of their homeland and the benefit of higher education and exposure to multiple societies and concepts. Therefore, the Diaspora must not only to realize that it has influence but also a moral responsibility to support peace in their country

While they may not have the “seat at the table”, that so many desire, they have the ability to influence the parties in preliminary negotiations and through consistent, constructive contact. Additionally, they may offer their services to those who directly facilitate the negotiations by sharing their perspective. Lastly they can help to influence the population at home in constructive ways.

Advocates from other nations and cultures, no matter the level of passion and study, cannot develop the understanding of the people that the South Sudanese themselves have. Such advocates can be much more effective when they work closely with South Sudanese with similar goals.

In much the same way, the diaspora, though not involved directly in the negotiations, can add value and understanding to those who moderate and facilitate the direct negotiations. It has the ability and resources to strongly influence the outcome of this unfortunate, ongoing war. The Diaspora can become a united force for Peace and Progress by offering the mediation process deep understanding and knowledge and internationally obtained contacts while using their skills and perspective seeking the best for all the South Sudanese people

Choice: To Support War or Peace?

The purpose of this document is to appeal to the Diaspora to support peace and not war. No military solution can bring an end to the 15 months-long war. All the revenge killing and retaking of towns by the government and rebel forces is only deepening and exacerbating the existing level of tribal loathing among our innocent population. Therefore, the current rampant violence in our country of origin must be ended quickly before it consumes all our relatives and country’s men and women.

For the Diaspora to work together for peace, we in CASS call for all the peace loving members from all the 64 ethnic groups in South Sudan to:
• Join our membership
• Denounce the ongoing war and support peace
• Start or support the community –community dialogues.
• Work with Church groups and other peace based-organizations to advance the call for immediate end to the war
• Work collectively with American and Australian Peace Advocate groups
The voice of Diaspora is needed to bring durable peace to South Sudan. And you/I/we are the agents for that change to happen.

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“It is a time for the Church to act”

South Sudan Church Leaders’ message – Juba, 26 March 2015

We. the leaders of the Church of South Sudan. have met under the auspices of the South Sudan Council of Churches (SSCC) in Juba on 18th and 26th March 2015 to reflect on the tragic situation of conflict in our nation and the recent collapse of the IGAD peace talks. We meet as the Church of God in South Sudan. and we speak with divine authority.

We appreciate all those who have tried to bring peace to our nation. including IGAD, AU, UN, the Troika and other regional and international actors. We are deeply saddened by the ongoing conflict and suffering, and by the failure of all the parties to the conflict, the mediators, and the regional and international community to bring an end to the evil of war. While we welcome outside assistance, we believe that ultimately it is the responsibility of the people of South Sudan to resolve their own problems.

We are heartened by the Message from HE Hailemariam Dessalegn, the Prime Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and the Chairperson of the IGAD Assembly, to the People of South Sudan on 6th March 2015. We wish to reflect on some of his points.

1.  Form a transitional government of national unity

We urge the parties to honour the February 2015 agreement and to form a transitional government of national unity as soon as possible.

2.  Table a reasonable and comprehensive solution to end the crisis in South Sudan

We believe that many of the leaders involved in the conflict genuinely can’t see how to make peace; they can’t see a way out of the pit they have fallen into. If the parties are unable to reach agreement by themselves, then they must be persuaded to accept a solution which neutral parties and friends of South Sudan, and more especially the ordinary citizens of South Sudan. consider to be “reasonable”.

3.  End the war now… Peace is needed, and is needed now

We, the Church leaders, have consistently stated that there is no moral justification and no excuse to continue fighting and killing. In the 1955-1972 and 1983-2005 wars we were fighting for our liberation; what are we fighting for now? It is unacceptable to negotiate about posts, positions and percentages, about systems of governance, about wealthsharing and other such matters, while people are killing and being killed. The fighting must stop, immediately, and only then can these political matters be discussed in a meaningful way. The parties have already signed a number of Cessation of Hostilities agreements and ignored them; we insist that they be honoured without further delay.

4.  Make the compromises that have so far eluded the Parties

Compromises are difficult when there is a complete lack of trust between the parties, and when each is promoting its own interests. The Church is trusted by the people of South Sudan and has no interests except those of the people, for peace and justice. We ourselves will create a forum to help the parties to build trust and to discover where compromises can be made.

5.  Convince those that remain intransigent

The Church is politically neutral in this conflict. However the Church cannot be neutral about injustice and killing. We will identify those who are intransigent and attempt to persuade them to mend their ways.

6.  Ensure that the voices of the silent majority of South Sudanese prevail

The Church has a long record of empowering “the silent majority of South Sudanese”. We pledge to continue to bring the voice of the voiceless to the warring parties, the regional powers and the international community. We are ready to undertake international advocacy as we did so successfully during the previous conflicts and in the run-up to the referendum.

7.  Refuse to support those who militate for war, destruction and killing

The leaders are not in the front line. The killing is being done by others. We call upon the people of South Sudan to refuse to fight in this senseless conflict. We pledge ourselves to inform the grassroots communities what is really going on, as we believe many of their leaders are misleading them, encouraging them with stories of ethnic conflict and revenge rather than urging them to reconcile and bring peace. We call upon the parties to allow the IGAD mediators to go to the grassroots to brief the people on developments in the peace talks, as we believe many of our communities on the ground are not aware, and again are being misled by their leaders.

8.  Do not lose hope

As Christians, we always have hope. When times are dark we remember that Christ suffered and died but then rose from the dead. Christ remains with us, and the Holy Spirit gives us strength and endurance. The people of South Sudan have experienced many decades of conflict, but we are confident that, with God’s help, we will overcome the evil in our midst and will move forward in peace and justice.

In addition, we urge the parties to honour the agreement on the re-unification of SPLM which they signed in Arusha recently. We believe the Arusha process has the potential to complement the IGAD peace process.

This is a defining moment in the life of our Church and our nation. It is a time for the Church to act. As we write, our South Sudan Council of Churches is being renewed in order to meet the challenges. It will strengthen its oversight of and support for the Faith-Based Organisations group in Addis Ababa and for the Church-led Committee for National Healing, Peace and Reconciliation. We will seek to meet the leaders of the different parties, the IGAD mediators, regional leaders, regional and international church bodies, and the international community, to impress on them the urgency of stopping the killing. We will make it clear to all concerned that the current attitude of the negotiating parties is unacceptable, and we will do whatever we can to help them to break the deadlock.

We call upon all South Sudanese, but particularly the political and military leaders and those carrying arms, not to pursue selfish interests, but those of others {cf Philippians 2:4}. Put the interests of the nation above your own.

May God bless you all.

Signed in Juba on this date 26th of March 2015

Rt. Revd. Peter Gai Lual, Chairman, South Sudan Council of Churches (SSCC)

Archbishop Paulino Lukudu Loro, Catholic Archdiocese of Juba

Archbishop Dr. Daniel Deng Bul, Episcopal Church of South Sudan and Sudan

Bishop Dr. Arkangelo Wani Lemi, African Inland Church

Bishop Dr. Isaiah Majok Dau, Sudan Pentecostal Church

Rt. Revd. James Par Tap, South Sudan Presbyterian Evangelical Church

Revd. James Koung Ninrew, Presbyterian Church of South Sudan-Juba

Mr. Abraham Kwai Chengkou, Acting General Secretary, South Sudan Council of Churches (SSCC)

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